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ComputingCString.h

strncpy

Copy strings
+ View other versions (3)

Interface

#include <string.h>
char stpcpy (char *dst, const char *src)
char strcpy (char * restrict dst, const char * restrict src)
char strncpy (char * restrict dst, const char * restrict src, size_t len)

Description

The stpcpy and strcpy functions copy the string src to dst (including the terminating '\0' character.)

The strncpy function copies at most len characters from src into dst. If src is less than len characters long, the remainder of dst is filled with '\0' characters. Otherwise, dst is not terminated.

Return Values

The strcpy and strncpy functions return dst. The stpcpy function returns a pointer to the terminating '\0' character of dst.

Example:

Example - Copy strings
Problem
The following code sets chararray to "<code>abc\0\0\0</code>":
Workings
char chararray[6];
(void)strncpy(chararray, "abc", sizeof(chararray));

Security Considerations

The strcpy function is easily misused in a manner which enables malicious users to arbitrarily change a running program's functionality through a buffer overflow attack.

Standards

The strcpy and strncpy functions conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1990 ("ISO C90"). The stpcpy function is an MS-DOS and GNUism. The stpcpy function conforms to no standard.

History

The stpcpy function first appeared in FreeBSD 4.4 coming from 1998-vintage Linux.