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Logistic

Evaluates the logistic regression curve built from a given set of points.
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Interface

C++
Excel

Class Logistic

The logit of a number p \in [0, 1] is

The logit function is the inverse of the sigmoid, or logistic function. If p is a probability then p / (1 - p) is the corresponding odds, and the logit of the probability is the logarithm of the odds; similarly the difference between the logits of two probabilities is the logarithm of the odds-ratio, thus providing an additive mechanism for combining odds-ratios.

Logits are used for various purposes by statisticians. In particular there is the "logit model" of which the simplest sort is

where x_i is some quantity on which success or failure in the i-th in a sequence of Bernoulli trials may depend, and p_i is the probability of success in the i-th case. For example, x may be the age of a patient admitted to a hospital with a heart attack, and "success" may be the event that the patient dies before leaving the hospital (another instance of the reason why the words "success" and "failure" in speaking of Bernoulli trials should be taken with large doses of salt). Having observed the values of x in a sequence of cases and whether there was a "success" or a "failure" in each such case, a statistician will often estimate the values of the coefficients a and b by the method of maximum likelihood. The result can then be used to assess the probability of "success" in a subsequent case in which the value of x is known. Estimation and prediction by this method are called <em> logistic regression </em>.

As you may have noticed there is a link between the logistic and the linear regression methods, through the \mathrm{logit} function. In other words,

Applying the exponential in both sides of the equality and doing further calculations, we arrive at the following relation

where a and b are the parameters of the associated linear regression, intercept and slope.

Below you will find the regression graph for a set of arbitrary points, coloured in blue. The regression curve, displayed in red, has been calculated using this class.

1/reglogistic-378.png
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Example 1

The following example evaluates the logistic curve for a given set of points, which is also displayed in the previous graph. The abscissas are equally spaced in the interval [10, 50] with a step of 5.
#include <codecogs/maths/regression/logistic.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
using namespace std;
 
int main() {
    double x[6] = {   28,    29,    30,    31,    32,    33};
    double y[6] = {.3333, .4000, .7778, .7778, .8000, .9333};
 
    Maths::Regression::Logistic A(6, x, y);
 
    cout << "Logistic regression values" << endl << endl;
    for (int i = 10; i <= 50; i += 5) {
        cout << "x = " << setw(3) << i << "  y = " << A.getValue(i);
        cout << endl;
  }
    return 0;
}
Output:
Logistic regression values
 
x =  10  y = 0.143118
x =  15  y = 0.233325
x =  20  y = 0.356719
x =  25  y = 0.502592
x =  30  y = 0.648024
x =  35  y = 0.770364
x =  40  y = 0.859406
x =  45  y = 0.917614
x =  50  y = 0.95304

References:

Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logistic_regression

Authors

Lucian Bentea (August 2005)
Source Code

Source code is available when you buy a Commercial licence.

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Members of Logistic

Logistic

 
Logisticintn
double*x
double*y )[constructor]
Initializes the class by calculating the slope and intercept of the corresponding linear regression function.
nThe number of points to consider
xThe x-coordinates of the n points
yThe y-coordinates of the n points


Logistic Once

 
doubleLogistic_onceintn
double*x
double*y
doublea )
This function implements the Logistic class for one off calculations, thereby avoid the need to instantiate the Logistic class yourself.

Example 2

The following graphs fits a single regression curve to the following values:
x = 23.2  y = 0.02
x = 33.3  y = 0.04
x = 33.5  y = 0.13
x = 34   y = 0.17
x = 34.2  y = 0.18
x = 34.2  y = 0.15
x = 34.4  y = 0.11
There is an error with your graph parameters for Logistic_once with options n=7 x="23.2 33.3 33.5 34 34.2 34.2 34.4" y="0.02 0.04 0.13 0.17 0.18 0.15 0.11" a=0:150 .input

Error Message:Function Logistic_once failed. Ensure that: Invalid C++

Parameters

nThe number of initial points in the arrays x and y
xThe x-coordinates for the initial points
yThe y-coordinates for the initial points
aThe x-coordinate for the output point

Returns

the interpolated y-coordinate that corresponds to a.
Source Code

Source code is available when you buy a Commercial licence.

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