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# Simple Supported Beams

Stress and deflection formulae for simple supported beams
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## Introduction

The following symbols have been used throughout:
• is the Stress at any point
• is the Section Modulus of beam cross section.
• is the deflection at any point.
• is the load on the Beam. Note for uniform loads where is the load per unit length
• is the Modulus of Elasticity ( Young's Modulus)
• is the Moment of Inertia of the cross-section about the neutral axis

## Simply Supported At Both Ends With A Uniform Load.

A beam is a horizontal structural element that is capable of withstanding load primarily by resisting bending. The bending force induced into the material of the beam as a result of the external loads, own weight, span and external reactions to these loads is called a bending moment.

An elastic modulus, or modulus of elasticity, is the mathematical description of an object or substance's tendency to be deformed elastically (i.e., non-permanently) when a force is applied to it. The elastic modulus of an object is defined as the slope of its stress-strain curve in the elastic deformation region

Stress at any point:

Deflection at any point:

Stress at critical points:

This is the maximum stress when the cross section is uniform.

Deflection at critical points:

Maximum ( At centre)

## Simply Supported At Both Ends . Load At Centre.

Stress between each support and the load:

Stress at the Centre:

This is the maximum stress when the cross section is constant.

The deflection between each support and the load:

The maximum deflection occurs at the load:

## Simply Supported At Both Ends. Load At Any Point.

Stress for a portion of length :

Stress for a portion of length :

Stress at the point of load. This is the maximum stress if the cross section is constant.

Deflection for the portion of length

Deflection for the portion of length :

When is the length of the shorter portion and the longer one, the maximum deflection is in the longer one at:

And the deflection is:

## Simply Supported At Both Ends. Two Equal Loads Symmetrically Placed

Deflection is a term that is used to describe the degree to which a structural element is displaced under a load.

Stress at the load points and any point between:

The maximum deflection is at the centre and is:

## Simply Supported But With Both Ends Overhanging Symmetrically. Uniform Load.

Stress between each support and the end adjacent:

Between the supports:

Stress at each support:

Stress at the centre:

The greater of these is maximum stress when the section is constant.

Should the stress is zero at points on each side of the centre. Should the section be constant and ,the stresses at the centre and at the supports are equal and opposite. They are:
The Deflection between each support and the adjacent end:
Deflection between the supports
Deflection at the ends:

Deflection at the centre:

When is between and the maximum upward deflections occur at points on each side of the centre. The value of these are :

## Simply Supported With Both Ends Overhanging, Supports Unsymmetrical, Uniform Load.

Stress for the overhanging length :

Stress between the supports:
For the overhang ends of length :

The stress at the support next to end of length :

The critical stress between the supports is at :

The value is: The stress at the support next to end of length is: If the cross section is constant, the greatest of these three is the maximum stress.

If the stress is zero at points on both sides of The deflection for the overhanging length :

The deflection between the supports:
The deflection for the overhanging length :
The deflection at end :

The deflection at end :

This case is so complicated that conventional general expressions for the critical deflections between the supports can not be obtained.

## Simply Unsymmetrically Supported With Both Ends Overhanging And A Load At Any Point.

Between the supports for the segment of length

For the segment of length :

Beyond the support

If the cross section is constant, this is the maximum stress.

Deflection for overhanging length :

Deflection for overhanging length :

For the deflection between the supports see paragraph 3 above

Deflection for the end :

Deflection for the end :

## Simply Supported With Ends Overhanging. Single Overhanging Load.

Between supports:

If the cross section is Constant, this is the maximum stress. The stress is zero at the other support.