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# fill

Replaces each element with a given value
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### Key Facts

Gyroscopic Couple: The rate of change of angular momentum () = (In the limit).
• = Moment of Inertia.
• = Angular velocity
• = Angular velocity of precession.

Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher.

Leonhard Euler (1707-1783) was a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist.

## Definition

The fill() algorithm is defined in the standard header <algorithm> and in the nonstandard backward-compatibility header <algo.h>.

## Interface

#include <algorithm>
template < class ForwardIterator, class Type >
void fill(
ForwardIterator first,
ForwardIterator last,
const Type& val
);

Parameters:
Parameter Description
first A forward iterator addressing the position of the first element in the range to be traversed
last A forward iterator addressing the position one past the final element in the range to be traversed
val The value to be assigned to elements in the range [first, last)

## Description

Fill algorithm fi lls a range with a given value by using operator=.

None.

## Complexity

The complexity is linear; performs (last - first) assignments.

### References

Example:
##### Example - fill function
Problem
The following program demonstrates how to use fill() function.
Workings
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
vector <int> vec;
vector <int>::iterator Iter1;
int i;
for (i = 10; i <= 20; i++)
vec.push_back(i);
cout <<"Vector vec data: ";
for(Iter1 = vec.begin(); Iter1 != vec.end(); Iter1++)
cout <<*Iter1<<" ";
cout <<endl;
// fill the last 4 positions with a value of 9
cout <<"\nOperation: fill(vec.begin() + 4, vec.end(), 9)\n";
fill(vec.begin() + 4, vec.end(), 9);
cout <<"Modified vec data: ";
for (Iter1 = vec.begin(); Iter1 != vec.end(); Iter1++)
cout <<*Iter1<<" ";
cout <<endl;

return 0;
}
Solution
Output:

Vector vec data: 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Operation: fill(vec.begin() + 4, vec.end(), 9)
Modified vec data: 10 11 12 13 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
References